Forget Republican or Democrat: Americans divide by their values

July 11, 2014


Toss out the party and ideology labels: Republican, Democrat, conservative, liberal.

The Pew Research Center’s new survey, “Beyond Red VS Blue: The Political Typology,” finds no sharp lines dividing people by their views on politics, faith, family, and the role and limits of government.

“It’s a spectrum,” said Michael Dimock, vice president for research for Pew Research Center.

Looking at questions relating to faith and family, he observed, “the caricature that all religious people are Republican is just not true.”

Black and Hispanic political liberals who attend church and hold conservative views on issues such as gay marriage hew red on social issues.

To find where people align by values, the typology survey, based on 10,000 U.S. adults, divvies up the public into color zones.

Shading toward red:

  • 12 percent: Steadfast Conservatives ― older and white, socially and politically conservative.
  • 10 percent: Business Conservatives ― also largely white but more pro Wall Street, pro-immigrant.
  • 14 percent: Young Outsiders ― conservative on government, not social issues.

Blue or shading that way: 

  • 15 percent: Solid liberals ― this group parts company with other “blues” on religion and social issues.
  • 15 percent: Faith and Family Left ― largely black or Hispanic, highly religious.
  • 12 percent: Next Generation Left ― roughly half are under age 40, liberal on social issues but less keen on the social safety net.
  • 13 percent: Hard-Pressed Skeptics ― financially stressed and pessimistic.

And outside the zones altogether are the Bystanders (10 percent), often young, who take no part in politics.

“What you see is an anchor on the left of fairly secular people, balanced by the Faith and Family Left with a strong Democratic orientation but very religious personal lives. They’re more conservative about how they think people should be living their lives,” said Dimock.

Looking to the right, he sees divisions between Steadfast Conservatives and Business Conservatives.

“Both are very religious personally, but the Business Conservatives don’t translate that into a social conservative stance. They are not as moralistic on how they see the scope of issues."

That turned up when Pew asked whether it was necessary to believe in God to be moral.

Yes, said an overwhelming number of the Faith and Family Left (91 percent) and more than two in three of Steadfast Conservatives (69 percent).

But the seesaw balanced with Business Conservatives (66 percent) and Next Generation Left (91 percent) saying belief in God was not essential to morality.

There are similar splits on views toward the Bible and human evolution.

Where Steadfast Conservatives and their Business brethren stood closest was on views of Islam. They were the only two types in which majorities agree on the statement: “Islamic religion is more likely than others to encourage violence.”

However, on questions about homosexuality and gay marriage, Steadfast Conservatives are much more likely to take the strongest stands in opposition.

Nearly three in four (74 percent) say society should discourage homosexuality rather than accept it ― markedly higher than the Faith and Family Left (48 percent) who agree with them.

Similarly, on gay marriage, 84 percent of Steadfast Conservatives and 55 percent of the Faith and Family left oppose it.

But gay marriage gets strong support from the right-leaning Young Outsiders (68 percent) and their counterpoint, the Next Generation Left (78 percent).

Both of those youthful “types” join the Solid Liberals in strong support for abortion to remain legal in all or most cases.

When Pew asked whether society is better off if people make marriage and children a priority, the same alignment emerged.

Most Young Outsiders (65 percent), Next Generation Left (72 percent) and Solid Liberals (77 percent) say society will do just as well if people have different priorities.

As Democrats and Republicans look ahead to elections, those generational divides are going to matter.

“The Democrats’ side is already aligning with generational change,” said Dimock, “so the future isn’t as much of a challenge to the Democrats as it is to the Republicans.”

  1. I am amazed at those who objet to a discussion of reality as somehow being divisive or not relevant for those of us who seek to lead others into following Jesus. If you don't know who you are taking with and what they believe, it's hard to make a connection. All knowledge is valuable. Now if we were (or if those big bad PCUSA leaders in Louisville) were trying to use this knowledge to get out the vote that would be wrong. But I don't see any evidence of that. What I read was an analysis of people's voting patterns and how they are influenced by their faith. So maybe we can reach out to some of those who vote based on shared values.

    by james p shuman

    July 22, 2014

  2. I agree with Stan! We the church are here to be used by God to bring more and more people to know Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. Rather than so much emphasis on divisive social and political issues, we should focus on Biblical and Spiritual truths. This push of politics and social issues is literally tearing our denomination apart! Wake up PC USA leadership!

    by Barbara

    July 22, 2014

  3. Rather than discussing the differences between the two secular political ideologies (as if it is that simple), I call on the PC USA leadership to publish articles that bring us together under God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit. Placating secular differences under the name of the Church is wrong; Jesus himself was very upset to see the secular practices involving themselves within God's temple, we should too. Articles like this disgust me, but then again, I guess I'm a "Young Outsider." Do you think Jesus would call a group of people "Outsiders"? Or even "Next Generation Left". What does THAT mean or have anything to do with the glory of God?!?!

    by Stan

    July 13, 2014

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